Poland has been flying under the radar of most tourists visiting Europe, but it has been gaining popularity with tourists lately. Whether you are planning to visit Poland or have already been there, here are some fun facts about Poland that you might not know about.
As I have come across many ridiculous “things that will shock you about Poland” videos, I realize that even those who visit don’t know much about it. That is why I thought it would be helpful to put together a list of fun facts about Poland to ease anyone’s shock.
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Before we get into all the fun facts about Poland, let’s cover the basics. Poland is situated in central Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the north. Poland shares borders with Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and Lithuania.
Poland is the ninth largest country in Europe, with a population of over 38.5 million people. While Poland is part of the European Union, it still uses its currency, the Zloty.
Fun facts about Poland
Poland is a lot older than you think
If you believe the legend, once upon a time, three brothers – Lech, Czech and Rus – wandered the area with their tribes. One day, they (or just Lech) stumbled upon a large oak tree growing on a hill, with a large nest in the branches. Lech saw a white eagle soar from the nest and took this as a sign to settle here.
This was the start of Poland, with the eagle as its symbol. The other brothers moved on, creating what then became the Czech and Russian lands. However, Poland’s documented history begins in 966, with the conversion to Christianity by the pagan ruler Mieszko I.
The Kingdom of Poland officially kicked off in 1025. The first coronation took place at the Wawel Cathedral in Kraków (Cracow). Mieszko was the first Christian leader of Poland, and he also founded the Piast dynasty that ruled till 1385.
Poland had different capitals before
This makes the list of fun facts about Poland because it’s an interesting story. The first capital of Poland was Gniezno. The name derives from the word “gniazdo,” Polish for a nest. Remember the eagle nest that Lech took as a sign? We’re talking about the same settlement.
Cracow became the capital in 1038. The royal city became a leading centre of trade, culture and power. Polish kings lived, ruled and died here. The town experienced significant growth and expansion over the centuries. Today you’ll still find several great European architectural styles from Medieval, Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance, to Baroque and Art Nouveau.
Poland’s capital was moved to Warsaw in 1596 by King Sigismund III Vasa. Due to its central location between Crackow and Vilnius, this was the perfect place of power for what became the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
It has an incredible history
Poland’s history is one of the most incredible facts about Poland. The country is no stranger to invasion and occupation. Between 1600 and 1945, Poland had to defend itself from invasion 43 times. Polish forces fought battles against the Swedes, Ottomans, Austrians, Prussian and Russians. Not to mention Hitler during World War II.
It’s a fun fact about Poland that most people don’t know about. Poland was once a powerful kingdom in Europe. It stretched from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea. Poland was also one of the first counties in Europe to adopt a written constitution in 1791, and it was second in the world after the US.
Between the 14th and 16th centuries, Poland had its golden age. A few centuries earlier, the union of Polish and Lithuanian rulers gave way to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569–1795). The freedom of confession and religious tolerance, unique in Europe at that time, attracted immigrants from other nations.
After the glory of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth came what became known as the partition of Poland. Poland was divided between Russia, Prussia and Austria through three separate phases (1772, 1793 and 1795). It ceased to exist as a free nation for 123 years until the end of World War I.
Poland’s geography covers it all
If you don’t know much about Poland, chances are you are not aware of its geography. That’s why I’ve included it on the list of fun facts about Poland. If you love the outdoors, there are plenty of activities for you to enjoy the country’s vastly diverse nature.
In the north, the Baltic Sea offers beaches and ports. Poland also has three mountain ranges for you to enjoy. Head over to the Tatry, Bieszczady and Karpaty mountain ranges in the south. Here you can do some serious hiking, climbing and skiing.
Forests make up over 30% of the country, with the Bia?owie?a Primeval Forest alone covering about 380,000-acres (150,000-hectares). This is also home to about 800 bison, brought back from extinction in the wild by breeding and reintroduction programs.
Poland is also home to dunes (Pomerania region), wetlands (Biebrza?ski National Park) and islands (Woli?ski National Park). It is also home to one of Europe’s largest lake districts – Mazury (Masurian Lakeland), with over 2,000 lakes.
Home to famous people
Joseph Conrad (Teodor Józef Konrad Na??cz-Korzeniowski), the famous English writer known for short stories and novels, was born into the Polish nobility in 1857.
The musical composer Frederic Chopin (Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin) was born in ?elazowa Wola, near Warsaw, in 1810. He left Poland in his 20s and lived in France for the rest of his life. He died in 1849 and is buried in the Père Lachaise cemetery in Paris.
We know her as Marie Sklodowska-Curie (Maria Sk?odowska), the first and only Nobel laureate in two different sciences and the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. She was also the first female professor at Sorbonne University. Marie was born in Warsaw in 1867 and moved to Paris in 1891. She is famous for discovering Polonium and Radium, as well as her work with radioactivity. Today, her remains are interred at the Pantheon in Paris.
The pope John Paul II, born Karol Józef Wojty?a, is revered in Poland. He was the first non-Italian pope in 455 years. You can find numerous items with his image from plates, pictures and even tapestries.
Astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (Miko?aj Kopernik) was born in Toru? in 1473. He is best known for being the first to suggest that the earth is not the centre of the universe. His work, On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres, was a significant event in the history of science. The people behind Commodore 64, The Witcher and the Matrix are also Polish.
Poland facts about food
We wouldn’t have fun facts about Poland without talking about Polish food. It is mainly based on meat, potatoes and cabbage. From pierogis (stuffed potato dumplings) to bigos (cabbage and meat stew) and everything in between, Polish food involves some of these ingredients or a combination thereof. Pickled foods and cold cuts also play an integral role in the Polish diet.
Cabbage wasn’t always a huge part of Polish cooking. In the 16th century, Italian-born Bona Sforza became the queen of Poland. She brought with her cooks, gardeners and popularized the use of numerous vegetables in Polish cuisine. While vegetables like leeks, lettuce, celeriac and cabbage were known in Poland, they were not widely used by ordinary people. Even today, some of these vegetable groupings are referred to as “w?oszczyzna,” meaning of Italian origin (W?ochy is Italy in Polish).
While many associate Poland with vodka, beer is also widely consumed. Poland fifth-highest beer consumption per capita. Some people drink their beer with raspberry or blackcurrant juice (piwo z sokiem). A hot beer with cloves and cinnamon, sweetened with honey, is also a popular choice (piwo grzane).
Additional items that make up the fun facts about Poland in the food category are p?czki and zapiekanka. P?czki are fried doughnuts with filling, usually plum jam, but there are many other fillings like apple, blueberry or cream-filled. You can eat them at any time, but they are traditionally consumed on Fat Thursday before Ash Wednesday. Zapiekanka is a sliced piece of a baguette topped with cheese, mushrooms and ketchup. You can get them at various stands and carts.
Polish is a tongue twister!
Funny facts about Poland include its language. Polish is an Indo-European language and part of the West Slavic language family, and it’s closely related to Czech, Slovak and Sorbian. Some of the other languages in this family include Bulgarian, Croatian, Macedonian, Russian and Ukrainian.
The Polish alphabet is based on the Roman alphabet and consists of 32 letters. Several of them you won’t find in any other alphabet. They are ?, ?, ?, ?, ? ó, ?, ?, ?. In addition to these “rustling” letters, numerous combinations called “digraphs” add more challenging sounds. These are cz, ch, sz, rz, dz, d? and d?.
The language is filled with diminutive forms for nouns as well as names. For example, tea is “herbata,” but you can say “herbatka.” It still means tea. The language also involves word-formations, which are very challenging to explain. For example, the verb “lecie?” (to fly) can lead to “wylecie?,” “nalecie?,” “ulecie?,” “polecie?” and “przelecie?.”
Cultural Facts about Poland
This category could be its own list of fun facts about Poland since these customs and practices are fascinating to outsiders.
Name days are bigger than birthdays: In Poland, birthdays take a backseat to name days “imieniny.” They are associated with days commemorating different saints. Name days are celebrated with parties, food and drink just like a birthday.
Don’t wear hats indoors: It is considered rude to wear a hat indoors. So, if you don’t want to offend anyone, take the hat off when you go inside.
Kissing a woman’s hand is still a thing: What might be considered old-fashioned and weird in other countries, kissing a woman’s hand is still a thing in Poland.
Differentiation between male and female last names: Polish last names change with gender. For example, a man’s last name would be Kowalski, for a woman, it is Kowalska. It doesn’t matter whether you’re married or not.
Mushroom picking is also a thing: Going to a forest at the end of summer looking for mushrooms is a common activity.
Polish inventions: Polish inventions aren’t necessarily part of the fun facts about Poland, but they provide some interesting facts about Poland itself. Ignacy Lukasiewicz invented the Kerosene lamp in 1853, and Jan Szczepanik invented the bulletproof vest in 1901.
Religion: Another of many facts about Poland is that it’s the most religious European country. The country’s legislation on abortion is one of the strictest in Europe. Its severity puts women’s and adolescents’ lives and well-being at risk, proving that women’s rights are not seen as equal.
Final thoughts about fun facts about Poland
I hope you enjoyed this list of fun facts about Poland. This was by no means a complete list of all facts, but something to give you an idea of what Poland is about. Like any other country, it has its quirks that might seem baffling to foreigners.
Poland has changed a lot over the years, and it’s still trying to forge its path. The number of visitors to Poland has been steadily increasing over the years, as many discover its many charms. So, whether you’ve already been to Poland or are looking to visit, I hope this list helps you in your travels.